The present paper refers to some of the new trends in Geography related to an increased interest in global environmental change issues. During the last decades Geography was recognized as a discipline with a high potential of involvement in the evaluation, at different scales, of both natural and social components of the Earth System. Such evaluations could be done in connection with the stakeholders in a new transdisciplinary research process of co-design, co-production and co-dissemination of the scientific information, relating at the same time with the new Sustainable Development Goals (Transforming our World: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, United Nations 2015). These goals are the outcome of long term activity of ICSU global environmental change programs, including the International Programme Future Earth – research for global sustainability, as well as UNEP and other international structures. The presentation will be illustrated with several examples from geographical researches on environmental change topics.